11. The nationwide Archives recommendations for censuses
Search machines on sites differ, plus they may also alter with time, however the original National Archives sources never change. When you yourself have the full guide, you can make use of it to get a full page on Ancestry.co.uk or on Findmypast.co.uk, even although you have developed it from a different sort of website, or from several other supply. This might be especially of good use whenever an individual can be located employing a true title search on a single web web site, although not on another, as a result of variations in transcription.
You will probably find census sources quoted in publications and articles, and you’ll should also learn how to utilize them if you’re consulting our online and hard-copy road indexes (see part 4.2).
A census guide has three primary elements; a division (page) rule, a string quantity, and an item quantity. The division and show codes for every census 12 months are:
- 1841 and 1851: asian dating site HO 107
- 1861: RG 9
- 1871: RG 10
- 1881: RG 11
- 1891: RG 12
- 1901: RG 13
- 1911: RG 14
A piece may include a huge selection of pages, so additional information is needed to get the right spot within a piece. The census returns for some years have a solitary structure, but you will find somewhat various plans for 1841 and 1911.
Census returns from 1851 to 1901
The additional refererence is really a folio quantity and (optionally) a typical page quantity.
Each piece contains enumeration that is several with numbered pages. Later on, folio figures had been stamped on top right corner of any page that is right-hand beginning at the start of the piece and continuing through all of the enumeration publications. Since folio figures look just on alternative pages, each folio represents the web page where it seems in addition to after web page. Consequently a string, piece and folio guide lets you find the right set of pages but a web page quantity may be put into the reference to determine a page that is single if needed, like in this instance through the 1891 census:
The nationwide Archives guide with this web web page, through the 1891 census, is RG 12/1822, Folio 156, web Page 5.
Both Ancestry.co.uk and Findmypast.co.uk provide a precise guide search facility for every census 12 months.
The 1841 census
Each piece in 1841 is further divided in to books, therefore a full guide requires to add a guide quantity following the piece quantity, for instance HO 107/1298/8. Each guide then contains its series that is own of figures.
The 1911 census
For the very first time the home schedules had been held, as opposed to being copied into enumeration publications. Each piece represents an enumeration district, and rather than folio figures, each household includes an unique routine quantity into the top right-hand part, making sure that a guide would be in the format RG 14/26288 Sch 227.
Organizations and vessels would not have schedule numbers, rather the given information had been recorded straight into unique enumeration books with numbered pages, such as previous census years.
12. Censuses for Scotland and Ireland
Search and see the census returns for Scotland from 1841 to 1911 at Scotlandspeople (Ј).
Census returns for Scotland are very nearly identical in format to those for England and Wales, with the exception of 1911, whenever likewise detailed information ended up being collected but ended up being copied into enumeration publications such as past years, so are there no home schedules or enumerators’ summary books.
Indexes into the Scottish censuses 1841-1901 may also be available on Ancestry.co.uk (Ј) and Findmypast.co.uk (Ј). Neither of those indexes has links to digitised pictures.
Unfortuitously, few 19th-century Irish census returns have actually survived; many had been lost once the Public Record workplace ended up being damaged within the fire in the Four Courts in Dublin 1922. Just the 1901 and 1911 censuses survived, along side an extremely little amount of earlier in the day comes back. View digitised and indexed images of this Census of Ireland 1901/1911 and Census fragments and substitutes, 1821-51 (including Northern Ireland) on the National Archives of Ireland site.
13. Uk colonies and protectorates
Censuses were additionally consumed numerous Uk colonies on exactly the same times like in great britain. Surviving documents among these will typically be located into the nation of beginning, and never into the National Archives. The only exceptions to this are:
- Census of settlers and convicts in brand New Southern Wales and Tasmania 1828 in HO 10/21-27. These documents is installed totally free as Digital microfilm. a name-indexed variation is also online at Ancestry.co.uk ( Ј )
- Census of Surinam 1811 in CO 278/15-25. A number of the documents come in English, however the majority have been in Dutch
- Census (regarding the population that is white) of Barbados 1715 in CO 28/16
- Census of Sierra Leone: ‘population and liberated Africans’ 1831 in CO 267/111
- Census of Heligoland 1881 in CO 122/37
14. Other useful online resources
Access census street indexes within our internet Archive. As with every content within the British Government online Archive, these are archived pages which are not any longer modified or updated.
Find out about the fire that destroyed the 1931 Census for England and Wales, Channel Islands and Isle of guy. the Your Archives pages now held in britain Government online Archive.
Browse Vision of Britain for reports predicated on information from censuses as much as 1971, or look for census information associated with a city or region
Consult The on the web Historical Population Reports for online use of the complete populace reports for Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1937 and considerable history information, including samples of papers.
15. Further reading
Use our library catalogue to get a suggested guide list. The publications are typical for sale in The National Archives’ guide library. It’s also possible to manage to see them in a library that is local.
Go to the nationwide Archives’ bookshop for a selection of magazines relating to records that are census.
Search our blogs for articles regarding the census.
Watch the movie Census records: an introduction, by Audrey Collins.